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What Is Melasma?

When translated, the word ‘melasma’ means dark spot. It is a common skin disorder, causing skin pigmentation in women. Blotchy patches and spots that are like freckles are observed by women normally during the time of pregnancy. Women who are most likely to discover melasma are the ones who have medium to dark skin tones. Patches of melasma mostly appear at certain areas of the face like forehead, chin and cheeks.

Melasma is not harmful and does not have any adverse effects on the human body  but it can have an impact on a person’s psychology as it can make a person not be comfortable in their physical appearance.

Managing Melsma


What Are Causes Of Melasma?

Some common causes of melasma are;

  • Pregnancy 
  • Birth Control Pills
  • Hormonal Medications
  • Sun Exposure 
  • Genetics 

How To Treat Melasma?

Protection From Sun

Medical specialists have said that in order to treat melasma it is important to prevent exposure to the sun. Even if you are taking medications orally it is necessary to protect one from the harmful radiations from the sun. A person suffering from Melasma should avoid going out in the sunlight as much as possible. In case you are going out one must religiously use a good SPF 30 or above and use hats while going out.

Managing Melsma

Chemical Peel

One of skin resurfacing treatments is chemical peel. This can help in reducing pigmentation, fine lines, wrinkles and sun damage. It can help by exfoliating the skin, removing the dead skin and reducing pigmentation. The type of peel can be decided based on the severity of the condition. 


It is a minimally invasive process that punctures the skin using fine needles. By doing this the ingredients that fight the pigmentation can penetrate into the skin. By doing this more healthy skin can come to the surface. It has been proven by research that better results can be achieved by using this technique to treat melasma.  

Laser Therapies & PRP 

The pigmentation is destroyed by using laser, causing the dark spots to become lighter.

Although, the condition does not cause any adverse impact on your life but it can be bothersome. The type of treatment you choose can be decided by consulting a doctor who is a specialist in the field. As all skin types are different, therefore  require different care and treatments.

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